Debt financing method to borrow budget or to set up for investments from outside sources. big scale groups and agencies are not able to run all their affairs from their personal capital so it’s far usual for them to take loans. The most frequent instance of this form of finance is the loans taken from banks. the amount of the mortgage is to be repaid in agreed installments along side hobby at a detailed charge.merits of Debt Finance:Following are the merits of debt finance:(i) Scope for enlargement: Debt financing allows commercial enterprise to make bigger its operations. New branches may be opened in different towns and countries. New traces of commercial enterprise may be adopted to increase revenues. The smooth availability of credit score encourages entrepreneur to take new dangers and flow new merchandise. It additionally enables businessmen to boom the size of their operations and to improve their merchandise in time.(ii) research and improvement: Debt financing allows the system of research and development. Loans taken from banks may be used to boost up R & D activities. incomes capability of the organisation increases when the research difficult products are floated within the market. the new innovation, besides growing corporations recognition, also reduces its cost of manufacturing.(iii) high earnings: because of expansion of business and use of latest techniques the sales and earnings of the enterprise additionally grow. big sales manner that there could be a room for in addition enlargement of the enterprise. higher income also can be used to pay off the bank loans. for that reason growing the solvency of business.(iv) Ease of running Capital: Debt financing helps in retaining ok running capital of the enterprise. It also affords a room for making regular bills without problems.(v) Revival of sick units: Debt financing can be used to offer a breathe to the unwell industrial gadgets. The enterprise’s loans can be rescheduled and new credit may be taken for such units that allows you to begin their manufacturing. besides imparting finance, proper supervision and guidance should also take delivery of. All this may rehabilitate the sick gadgets and may help them to achieve success and worthwhile devices.(v) Saving from Insolvency: Debt financing may be used to save the commercial enterprise from insolvency. In case any essential fee is to be made and there aren’t sufficient equity finances then a mortgage may be taken to make bills and to shop the enterprise from insolvency.(vi) Tax benefit: because the hobby price is subtracted from internet earnings before making use of tax rate, so this ends in decrease tax liability.Demerits of Debt Finance:Following are the demerits of debt financing:(i) interest bills: Very big quantity out of net earnings of the commercial enterprise ought to be paid resulting from interest on borrowed capital.(ii) melancholy: If a enterprise comes underneath depression and losses occur, then the payments of hobby should grow to be a notable hassle due to inadequacy of finances.(iii) match towards business: Creditor can file suits towards business if commercial enterprise fails to make payments as agreed.(iv) Seizing of Collateral: If the enterprise fails to pay interest on capital amount of mortgage the financial institution ought to seize the collateral or mortgaged property.(v) risky funding: If a commercial enterprise is already strolling on the massive borrowed capital, in addition investment in a business becomes unstable. This risk discourages investors. Banks additionally hesitate to supply loans to such commercial enterprise which are already below debt burden.